Infant Language and Cognition

Infant Language and Cognition

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Our group investigates the process of early language acquisition, specifically the emergence and consolidation of speech perception and word-learning over monolingual and bilingual infants’ first two years of life, as well as interactions between these early language abilities and the development of general perceptual and cognitive capacities.

The primary aim of this research is to define the earliest determinants of later individual language ability, including but not limited to endogenous factors, such as family risk for developmental language disorders or hearing loss, and environmental factors, such as the quantity and quality of infants’ early language input.

We address these questions through cross-sectional and longitudinal designs that combine neurophysiological (EEG, fNIRS), behavioral (visual preference, eye-tracking), and observational (parent-infant interactions) techniques in the BCBL BabyLab.

Our team


In press

Kalashnikova, M., Singh, L., Tsui, A., Altuntas, E., Burnham, D., Cannistraci, R., Chin, N.B., Feng, Y., Fernández-Merino, L., Götz, A., Gustavsson, L., Hay, J., Höhle, B., Kager, R., Lai, R., Liu, L., Marklund, E., Nazzi, T., Oliveira, D.S., Olst (In press). The development of tone discrimination in infancy: Evidence from a cross-linguistic, multi-lab report. Developmental Science. Doi:10.1111/desc.13459
Lovcevic, I., Burnham, D., & Kalashnikova, M. (In press). Infants’ Lexical Processing: Independent Contributions of Attentional and Clarity Cues. Language Learning and Development. Doi:10.1080/15475441.2022.2149402


Brookman, R., Kalashnikova, M., Levickis, P., Conti, J., Rattanasone, N.X., Grant, K.A., Demuth, K., & Burnham, D. (2023). Effects of maternal depression on maternal responsiveness and infants' expressive language abilities. PLoS ONE, 18(1 January). Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0277762
Jessica Tan, S.H., Kalashnikova, M., Di Liberto, G.M., Crosse, M.J., & Burnham, D. (2023). Seeing a Talking Face Matters: Gaze Behavior and the Auditory–Visual Speech Benefit in Adults’ Cortical Tracking of Infant-directed Speech. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 35(11), 1741-1759. Doi:10.1162/jocn_a_02044

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