Cardinal Stefan Wyszy?ski University in Warsaw
The specificity of reading impairment in developmental dyslexia base on difficulties with formal aspects of reading (fluency and accuracy), without problems with reading comprehension. This two aspects of reading skill could be easily connected with two types of memory traces assumed in the fuzzy-trace theory: verbatim and gist traces. In this conference paper, I will present the results of my studies on verbatim and gist memory functioning in dyslexia. Based on my previous study results I?m going to show memory functioning differences in dyslexia, that could be interpreted as pathomechanisms and compensatory mechanisms of this disorder. These differences are a lower rate of verbatim trace use in the situation of similar-but-not-the-same stimuli, but a greater rate of gist trace use in the same situation. Moreover, I will discuss the design and initial findings of my new studies concerning verbatim and gist memory functioning in dyslexia and its connections with other processes impairments (phonological and magnocellular). Finally, I will shortly discuss the practical and theoretical implications of presented results and possible implications of recent experiments findings.